There are many underlying causes of erectile dysfunction some are related to physical reasons and some related to psychological reasons. Erection is compulsory for any male to perform lovemaking activity, hence if a man have problems in achieving that will be devoid of enjoying lovemaking act which will not only hurt his self esteem but also relationship with his spouse.
Erection in normal human beings involves central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, psychological and stress related factors, genitals itself and hormonal and vascular components. On touch, smell or auditory or visual stimulation brain sends signals to the base of the spine where nerves monitor the blood flow to the genitals causing stiffness in the male reproductive organ and maintaining it afterwards. Any hindrance to this process may cause a weak or complete lack of stiffness to cause erectile dysfunction.
There are few psychological reasons which may lead to the problem of erectile dysfunction. One of the most common psychological causes of ED is performance anxiety, this is related to one’s apprehension for failure, if a person fails to perform during lovemaking act once, regardless of the reason, this failure may cause psychological distress to cause further failures. After a certain age, depression and anxiety also hinder the normal process of the body to cause problem of erectile dysfunction. Relationship with the partner, feeling of fear or getting caught during the act or fear of pregnancy also cause this situation where male does not get sufficient erection to perform. Stress at work, insecurity whether related to finance or career or any other issue or to relationship, also cast negative impact on male’s performance.
Amongst physical causes of erectile dysfunction high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, cardio-vascular disease, prostrate cancer, low hormone levels and diabetes are few commonly associated reasons. Though these diseases account for the problem of ED but when controlled by medication or exercise do not cause any further problems. Some respiratory or systemic diseases like scleroderma which is thickening of skin, liver cirrhosis, kidney failure and obstructive pulmonary disease are known to cause erectile dysfunction. Hormone optimization therapy
Malnutrition or bad eating habits may also cause problem of ED. Lack of zinc in the diet or zinc deficiency also causes this problem, eating too much junk food and lack of exercise may cause numbness in the nerves attached to spine and male genitals, prolonged tobacco use particularly smoking may also cause ED. Hormonal imbalance causing lack of testosterone hormone production or excessive prolactin hormone secretion cause this problem. Hyper or hypothyroidism also cause hormonal imbalance and promote erectile dysfunction. Certain medications commonly used to treat other medical conditions like anti-depressants, medicines for high blood pressure, antipsychotics and antiulcer drugs may cause problem of ED.
Prolonged use of sedatives and tranquilizers and drugs like cocaine also cause this problem. Some other diseases like epilepsy, Alzheimer, Parkinson disease, stroke and multiple sclerosis give rise to the problem of erectile dysfunction. It has been found that any disease which may disturb vascular, hormonal and nervous system of the body can cause erectile dysfunction